Edmonton, AB 88% of heart attacks occur in the home and yet, very few people know how to perform this potential lifesaving procedure. Training in CPR has proven to save lives through that crucial time between the onset of an emergency and the arrival of professional help.
Below are the key steps in helping to save the life of an unconscious casualty suffering from a heart attack.
Begin Emergency Scene Management
- Take charge.
- Call out for help.
- Assess hazards and make the area safe.
- Assess responsiveness of casualty.
- Send or go for medical help and an automated external defibrillator (AED).
Check breathing. If the casualty is not breathing, begin CPR:
1. Make sure casualty is on their back on a firm flat surface.
2. Place hands on centre of chest.
3. Position shoulders directly over hands and keep elbows locked.
4. Compress 30 times. Push hard – Push fast.
5. Use face shield as recommended for breaths.
6. Pinch nose and make a tight seal over their mouth with your mouth.
7. Give 2 breaths.
8. Continue cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until help arrives or an AED is available.
NOTE: If you have not been trained in CPR, or are hesitant to give breaths for any reason, don’t give up! You can still help save a life. Simply continue to perform chest compressions without the breaths (Compression only CPR).
Did you know that chances of survival decrease by 7–10% for every every minute that passes without CPR and the use of an AED?
1) Did you know that immediately performing CPR and using an AED on a casualty
with a heart attack more than doubles the chances of a casualty’s survival?2) St John encourages everyone to learn how to perform CPR for those they love.
The mission of St. John Ambulance is to enable Canadians to improve their
health, safety and quality of life by providing training and community services.
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1 Larsen MP, Eisenberg MS, Cummins RO, Hallstrom
AP.Predicting survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest:
a graphic model. AnnEmergMed. 1993;22:1652–1658.
2 Weisfeldt ML, et al. Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias after
Cardiac Arrest in Public versus at Home.
New England Journal of Medicine, 2011;364:313-321.